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What is the ECR (Emigration Check Required) and non-ECR/ECNR (Emigration Check Not Required) Stamp on Indian Passport?
ECR Stands for Emigration Check Required. It is stamped on the Passports of people who’s educational qualification is below 10th Pass. A person with ECR Stamp in their Passport cannot leave India on work visa (for employment) from these 17 Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Brunei, Kuwait, Indonesia, Iraq (Emigration banned), Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Sudan, Syria, Saudi Arabia (KSA), Thailand, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Yemen.
For working in these countries, if one has an ECR Stamp, she or he needs to obtain a Emigration clearance from POE (Protector of Emigrants – Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs).
It’s main purpose is to protect these Indians from becoming helpless while working in the above-mentioned countries as they will not be able to help themselves.
Even if one isn’t 10th Pass, below is a list of other criteria which can make her/him eligible for Non-ECR (ECNR), this data is taken from: http://www.mea.gov.in/emigration-abroad-for-emp.htm (as on March 2017)
Persons on whose passports ECR stamp would not be affixed (as per MEA – CPV – Division – Guidelines):
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